1948 ----------- Klipsun, 1948 ---------- [no text this page] ---------- Klipsun, 1948 - Cover ---------- 1948 KLIPSUN ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page  of cover ---------- [no text this page] ---------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page [i] ---------- [no text this page] ---------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page [ii] ---------- Appointment Bureau ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page [iii] ---------- 1948 KLIPSUN ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page [iv] ---------- 1948 KLIPSUN Published by The Associated Students Western Washington College Bellingham, Washington ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page [v] ---------- Summer Salmon Bake Editor ......... Betty McLeod Business Manager . . Barbara Cozza ~ ~ ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page [vi] ---------- AT THE DAWN... of a new era we stand firmly on the foundations of the past facing the uncertain future with confidence and dedicating ourselves to the building of a better world. Our only course is forward. ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page [vii] ---------- [no text this page] ---------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page [viii] ---------- [no text this page] ---------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page [ix] ---------- [no text this page] ---------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 6 ---------- EDENS HALL "Through these portals pass .... " Page six ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page  ---------- Students today, teachers tomorrow .... CAMPUS SCHOOL ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 8 ---------- PHYSICAL EDUCATION BUILDING Alert minds and active bodies .... Page eight ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page  ---------- The old order changeth .... MEN'S RESIDENCE HALL ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page  ---------- Success is the keynote .... SENIOR HALL ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 11 ---------- WWC LIBRARY THE THOUGHTS OF MEN ... from .002/M22 to 999.8/ST3 ... with 71,988 volumes in between Page eleven ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page  ---------- WWC parthenon .... EDENS HALL ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 13 ---------- CLASS WALK The footsteps of time .... Page thirteen ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page  ---------- See Page 19 ADMINISTRATION Miss Muffley beams her ever-present smile at the faculty reception during opening week. ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 15 ---------- Holly Holiday and a wonderful dance . SACTIVITIES See Page 39 Page fifteen ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 16 ---------- See Page 75 CLASSES " ... then you multiply by 12 xy and subtract 18 z ... " Page sixteen ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 17 ---------- . A first-and-ten - or was it? I _____SPOP ORSTS See Page 111 Page seventeen ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page  ---------- ABMINISTRATION Administration building - home of light and learning ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page  ---------- [no text this page] ---------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 20 ---------- OFFICIAL HIERARCIHY A decision that will give the campus a decidedly "New Look" has been reached by the Board of Trustees this year: The distribution of funds between the industrial arts and auditorium- music buildings. Locations of these buildings were also deter-mined. The industrial arts building will be situ-ated south of the Campus Elementary school and the auditorium-music building will be erected on the site of the present tennis courts. The board further authorized the architects to proceed with plans and specifications. Construction has already begun on the industrial arts building and work is scheduled to begin on the auditorium-music building in the near future. BOARD OF TRUSTEES Joseph T. Pemberton Violet Boede Vern Branigin Page twenty ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 21 ---------- Dr. William Wade Haggard EXPONENT OF EXPANSION How would you like to be the president of Western Washington College? It's a big job for a big man! Besides the day-by-day routine, there would be the planning for the future, for new courses, for new buildings, in addition to constant revision of the existing order of things. Besides his curricular work, Dr. Haggard finds time for much non-professional reading, motoring, picnicking, traveling, and fishing. In spite of all these activities, he is interested in and concerned with the problems of individual students who find him genuinely human and friendly. Page twenty-one ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 22 ---------- Dr. Raymond F. Hawk Jobs well done by the Director of Student Personnel, Dr. Kuder, include keeping the campus cogs oiled and acting as the general trouble-shooter for the College. Going a long way toward solving teacher troubles is the robust sense of humor possessed by Dr. Raymond F. Hawk, Director of Student Teaching. Page twenty-two ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 23 ---------- WHEELS... ROUND AND SQUARE Clyde W. McDonald Lorraine Powers Donald A. Ferris Although it is leap year, coaching and being Dean of Men combine to give Mr. McDonald more "man trouble" than any WWC co-ed ever thought of. "Such a good fit that an incoming freshman wouldn't know this was his first year at WWC," is an apt description of Registrar Ferris. Known to the girls as "the Powers that be . ." the capable Dean of Women oversees the innumer-able social activities of the college. Page twenty- three ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 24 ---------- The professor gets clipped. MAY L. BETTMAN MARGARET AITKEN, M. A. WILLIAM W. ALTMAN, B. A. Shorthand and Typewriting Physical Education Accounting and Statistics EDWARD J. ARNTZEN, M. A. Social Studies MIRA E. BOOTH, M. A. Music DECLAN F. BARRON, M. A. Science HAZEL, BREAKEY, B. S. Art Page twenty-four ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 25 ---------- FACULTY ROW NEVILLE H. BREMER, M. A. Student Teaching KATHERINE M. CASANOVA, M. A. Student Teaching NORA B. CUMMINS, M. A. Social Studies, Counsellor to Student Clubs RUTH A. BURNET, B. A. Newswriting, Publications Adviser MOYLE F. CEDERSTROM, PH. D. English FRANK L. D'ANDREA, ED. D. Music SENE R. CARLILE, M. A. Speech and Radio Broadcasting EDNA CHANNER, M. A. Industrial Arts IRENE M. ELLIOTT, M. A. Student Teaching SAM E. CARVER, M. A. Physical Education LINDA COUNTRYMAN, M. A. Home Economics GEORGIA P. GRAGG Handwriting and Bookkeeping Page twenty-five ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 26 ---------- Happy memories and best wishes .. . VICTOR H. HOPPE, M. A. Speech ELIZABETH GREGORY, B. A. IN ED. Student Teaching ARTHUR C. HICKs, PH. D English ELIZABETH M. HOPPER, M. A. Secretary, Appointment Bureau IRWIN A. HAMMER, ED. D. Education GEORGE W. HOHL, M. A. Psychology LESLIE HUNT, M. A. Student Teaching Page twenty-six ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 27 ---------- PEOPLE FIRST THOMAS F. HUNT, M. A. Geography VIVIAN JOHNSON, M. A. In-Service Training and Student Teaching FRED W. KNAPMAN, M. S. Science HENRY S. HURD Printing Lucy KANGLEY, PH. D. English CHARLES F. LAPPENBUSCH, M. A. Physical Education DONALD P. IRISH, M. A. Social Studies PRISCILLA KINSMAN, M. A. Student Teaching ALMA MADDEN, M. A. Speech STEWART A. JOHNSTON, PH. D. Mathematics FLORENCE J. KIRKPATRICK, M. A. Nursing Education JUNE McLEOD, B. A. Student Teaching Page twenty-seven ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 28 ---------- Alma mater and the blue and white band. PEARL MERRIMAN, M. A. Student Teaching SYNVA K. NIcoL, M. A. Student Teaching GEORGE H. McMEEN, M. ED. Mathematics MARJORIE MUFFLY, M. A. Physical Education JAMES H. O'BRIEN, M. A. English EILEEN MCMILLAN, M. A. Music KEITH A. MURRAY, PH. D. Social Studies EVELYN ODOM, M. A. Student Teaching Page twenty-eight ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 29 ---------- TEACHERS ALL MONFORD A. ORLOFF, L. L. B. MIRIAM L. PECK, M. A. Business Law Art LUCILLE E. REIMAN, M. A. Home Economics MORTON J. RENSHAW, PH. D. Director of Research Education RUTH E. PLATT, M. S. Science CHARLES M. RICE, M. A. Industrial Arts HOWARD D. RUSHONG, M. A. CLARENCE L. SCHUSKE, M. A. JEAN W. SHEPHARD, M. A. Student Teaching Science Student Teaching HAZEL J. PLYMPTON, M. A. Art J. ALAN Ross, PH. D. Education; Veterans' Affairs BEARNICE SKEEN, M. S. Special and Remedial Education Page twenty-nine ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 30 ---------- A collection of sad sacks - Campus Day '47 GLENN D. WARRICK, M. A. Industrial Arts LEONA M. SUNDQUIST, M. S. Science ALBERT VAN AVER, PH. D. English ELSIE WENDLING, M. A. Student Teaching ANNA ULLIN, M. A. Foreign Languages and English DONALD WALTER, M. A. Band and Orchestral Instruments RUTH WEYTHMAN, M. A. Physical Education Page thirty ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 31 ---------- COUNSELORS, TOO Besides holding forth formally in several fifty minute sessions daily, WWC faculty still find time for guiding, counseling and advising students and their activities. Staunch supporters of anything for the good of Western, they're a remarkable bunch . . . these grade point determiners. BERNARD W. REGIER, M. M. Music PAUL D. WOODRING, PH. D. Psychology and Education MARY WORTHYLAKE, B. A. IN ED. English Prexy Haggard rings one . . . When it's punch time . EMERITUS ELIAS BOND, PH. D. Mathematics LYNUS A. KIBBE, M. A. Education IRVING E. MILLER, PH. D. Education MABEL ZOE WILSON, B. L. S. Librarian Page thirty-one ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page  ---------- LIBRARY ... ALL BOUND UP The most popular rendezvous for study and relaxation, the library stands on the campus as a symbol of higher edu-cation - term papers, theses, thous-ands of volumes, stacks, reference ma-terial, magazines. Thanks to ten years' of WWCollegian editorials, the library has seen the light. Fluorescent table lamps now adorn the interior reading room thus allowing the room to live up to its name. ISABELLE ENDICOTT HERBERT HEARSEY, M. L. S. Loan desk Reference librarian RUTH RAMSEY Cataloger The book worms crawl in . . . the book worms crawl out . .. Ruth Norman, Elizabeth Rank, and Jeane Fehlhaber that is .. . MILDRED HERRICK, M. L. S. Librarian PEARL REESE MIRIAM B. SNOW, M. S. Secretary Campus School librarian ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 33 ---------- Fog covers Western's moorlands .. . WAYNE ENSIGN Custodian GEORGE DACK Gardener GEORGE SPERRY Engineer KASPER AAGAARD Carpenter Working together in mutual cooperation, the maintenance department covers the campus-all eighty-three acres. These men are the custodians of Western's proud tradition - a beautiful campus. CONSERVING PROUD TRADITIONS Page thirty- three ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 34 ---------- The proverbial angels keep busy. ELMINA BOOTHBY, B. S. Nurse SAM BUCHANAN Financial secretary MARY R. AMIDON College hospital ETHEL CHURCH Secretary to the president GRACE BLAKE Assistant, Registrar's office Louis EARLE Manager Students' Co-operative Bookstore Page thirty-four ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 35 ---------- CHECK, CHECK, CHECK Busy people these! Indispensable and efficient, administrative aides are a versatile group. Filing, typing, checking . . . check-ing tests, social events, and lists; health, requisitions, and grades; living conditions, records and expenditures. Quietly and with little fanfare they keep the school ticking. ANN GARCIA MARJORIE KINGSLEY Secretary to the Director of Recorder Student Personnel MARGARET MACKINNON, B. A. ETHELYN SISK Accountant Secretary to Dean of Men DOROTHY LEEDY, B. A. Secretary Bureau of Research NANCY SMITH, B. A. Secretary to Director of Student Teaching MARVLYN MATTHES Secretary, Campus Schools MILDRED TREMAIN Secretary to Dean of Women Page thirty-five ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 36 ---------- THE ELECT Gazing out over their domain, Halldor Karason and Bob Dickson display their usual brand of smiles. Eager to serve everyone, Halldor Karason executes his many duties as ASB president with a smiling charm and easygoing manner that mark him as one of the most popular figures on the campus. Reading all sorts of manuscripts and doing some pen-pushing himself, Halldor relaxes over an occasional game of chess and modestly admits that he is somewhat of a camera fan. WWC's loss next year will be some school children's gain. Bob Dickson, a journalistic galley slave, does a complete job of everything he undertakes. A senior, Bob served a quarter as summer editor of the WWCollegian and also published the 1947 Navigator. In addition to his hobby of authoring, this congenial, smiling vice- president loves to fish. When Bob joins the ranks of the educators in the near future, he will be able to enjoy his summers in a boat with a fishing rod, manu-facturing tall tales about the ones that got away. Page thirty-six ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 37 ---------- THE VIKING SHIP OF STATE "Article XII: The Board of Control shall have general supervision of all busi- ness affairs, property, and activities of this association; it shall have the power . . ." thus are the powers of the Board of Control enumerated and defined in the ASB constitution. The past year has witnessed the full use of this power exercised by an alert, intelligent, and capable Board of Control. Working at all times in almost complete harmony, and keeping stride with the "new era," the Board of Control moved swiftly and efficiently in accom-plishing some of the most outstanding advances in recent years. Among the leading achievements are the following: an amendment to the constitution establishing a primary and general election and abolishing the much-debated nominating convention; complete revision of the financial system; and new furnishings for the student lounge. Wednesday session of the winter quarter Board of Control. LEFT TO RIGHT: Dr. Ross, Dickson, Runestrand, Robbins, Clothier, Karason, Brockmier, Carey, Dr. Murray, Dr. Kangley, and Tiffany. Page thirty-seven ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page  ---------- ACTIVITIES Edens Hall, activity plus I ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page  ---------- [no text this page] ---------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 40 ---------- OFFICERS: SENIOR HALL-STANDING: Robbins. FRONT: Murray, Knowles, and King. HENDERSON HALL: Miller, Blauman, and Jergens. LEBENSIAUM Senior Hall's 25 girls are rated as being among the most active on the college cam-pus. Mimi Anderson guided the policies as president and the hall sponsored many events throughout the year. A barn dance and spring informal marked the dances held. A buffet guest dinner was held during the fall quarter and spring quarter was celebrated by a picnic and barbecue. The girls also took their turn as tea-servers for the AWS. One of the newest additions to the list of the college's organized houses, Hen-derson Hall quartered eight men students during the year. George Jergens, presi-dent, directed the hall's participation in the intramural swimming meet. Page forty ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page  ---------- Approximately 76 lucky college "Joes" are living in the brand new Men's Residence Hall. The newest building on the campus, MRH rep-resents one of the most beautiful structures on the hill. Each quarter a fireside was held and an exchange dinner with Edens Hall and Senior Hall became the accepted routine. The fellas entered several teams in all of the campus intramural sports. Ingenuity gave the MRH top honors in the Homecoming display contest. Al Bianchini served his housemates as president. The abiding place for approximate-ly seven girls, Forest Inn witnessed a successful social year under the direction of Shirley Lindstrom, viva-cious president who was assisted by her secretary, Pat Graves. Daniels Hall, located on High street, represents the home for many men attending ye olde WWC. An energetic bunch, the house entered practically all of the social events of the past year with a will to win. Their Homecoming display was view-ed by hundreds. Especially good was the fireside dinner given during fall quarter. OFFICERS: MRH-To--BACK Row: S. Brown, Kent, G. Smith. FRONT Row: Win- ders, P. Hansen, and McCullum. FOREST INN-CENTER: Graves and Lindstrom. DANIELS HALL- BOTTOM: Sutton, Salsgiver, Lindbloom, and Beasley. ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 42 ---------- OFFICERS: COLLEGE INN-BACK Row: Symonds, Antonnen, Hamer. FRONT Row: J. Ruthruff and H. Johnson. HOSPICE INN: Loring, C. McRae, Carey, and Hale. With all but one of its 12 girls in the Civic Choir's Christmas pro-gram, College Inn proved itself to be musically inclined this year. Besides taking their turn at the ANWS tea kettle, the girls held several private birthday parties during the year. The Inn's executive board was composed of Ruth Antonnen, presi-dent; Margaret Symonds, vice-president; Helen Johnson, secretary; Shirley Hamer, treasurer; and Joyce Ruthruff, reporter. Playing nursemaid to Judy, a gigantic St. Bernard, is the special hobby of the 30 fellas living at Hospice Inn. The dainty little canine is the Inn's mascot. Under the direction of Gus Bailey, president, and Frank Iraola, social chairman, the Inn entered teams in all of the intramural contests. Three main social events were held during the year; the annual Christmas ban-quet, the winter quarter dance at the Leopold hotel, and the spring picnic. Page forty-two ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 43 ---------- OFFICERS: HARORVIEW HALL-BACK Row: Shannon, Roser. FRONT Row: Swanson, Stockton, and Martin. EDENS HALL-BACK Row: Ellis, Underwood, Lutro. FRONT Row: Still, Soderstrom, and Cameron. Edens Hall has seen more activity this year than it has in a long while. Some of the functions which have made the girls outstanding on the campus are: dances, firesides, exchange dinners, and the successful "Shipwreck Shuffle." The 115 girls who reside at "the home of color and light" are among the social leaders on the campus. Prexy Beverly Cameron handled the affairs of the house in a pleas-ant and capable manner. Taking second place in the Homecoming display contest, Harborview hall's 13 girls completed a very successful social year. Under the direction of Barbara Stockton, the girls sponsored a Christmas party, a winter quarter banquet at Fisherman's Cove, a spring serenade for the other houses, in addition to various parties scattered throughout the year. Page forty-three ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 44 ---------- STALWARTS NORSE COMMISSION-LEFT: Ron Dodge, President. RIGHT: E. Johnston. Karason, R. Dodge, H. Sorensen, and J. Winders. The Norsemen's club is an organization consisting of all the men students en-rolled in school. It is governed by a commission and, has no designated meeting time. The commission convenes three or four times a quarter, depending upon the business at hand. Its purpose is to further school activities, to sponsor social af-fairs, and to increase school spirit. This year's activities included a semi-formal dance at the Bellingham Hotel; an all-college mixer during winter quarter; and the annual spring dance. Through the Norsemen's club activities, the men of the college had an added opportunity to enter into campus social life. Page forty-four ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 45 ---------- ASSOCIATES AWS COMMISSION BACK Row: M. Armstrong, Knowles, Hoag, Powers, Stillman 'Booth and McLane. SECOND' Row: Strotz, Harrison, Soder-strom, Carey, and Swanson. FRONT Row: Borchardt, Ruthruff, Siegrist, Penn and Christie. Those who participated will never forget the Christmas tolo, "Holly Holiday," and the High School Leaders' Conference. Nor will little Germaine, the French orphan who receives AWS sup-port, forget her far-away benefactors. College day, the day that representatives from WWC were sent back to their high schools with girls from other colleges to present panel discussions on college life, was a huge success. These activities were featured under the leadership of Gloria Carey, capable president, and the AWS commission. Gloria Carey, President Page forty-five ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 46 ---------- THE WOMEN BLUE TRIANGLE FToP PICTURE-BACK Row: Blekkink, Anderson, Soderstrom, Christman, Wise, Lyon, Mjoen, McCormick, Herrold, Finnie. SECOND Row:Schafert, Hodges, Blank- enship, Felton, Shannon, Theg, Lutro, Modisett, Thomas. SEATED: Reece, McGinnis, Burnaby, Sundeen, McLane. OFF-CAMPUS WOMEN BOTTOM PICTURE-BACK Row: Christensen, Harris, Johnson, Foster, Norman, Swan, Damon, Muffley, adviser, Hayes, McLeod, Case. SECOND Row: Engler, Y. West, Johnson, Lyon, McSorley, S. Smith, Simonson, Provost, Johnson. SEATED: Kilander, Keeler, West, Proctor, Heycamp, Ruthruf,Hodges, Adams, Barnes. Fehl-haber, Johnson, Bornstein, Merrick, Christie, Dewar, House, German. Blue Triangle has completed its year under the leadership of Jean Seeley, president; Beverly Burnaby, vice-president; Janet Sundeen, secretary; and Dorothy McLane, treas-urer. Pauline Roser acted as the publicity chairman for the year and Barbara Mc Ginnes was social chairman. With Miss Plympton as faculty adviser, the club's activi-ties for the year included a dessert fireside, the packing of Thanksgiving baskets, and the collection of clothing for Europe. With Peggy Nunamaker, Virginia Proctor, and Rose Mary Dewar taking turns at the gavel, the Off-Campus Women enjoyed a successful year--their first year. The girls capitalized on their holidays with a haunted house mixer and a Valentine's dance and in addition they took their turn at the AWS tea table. Ruth Norman kept the minutes and Madelyn House acted as financier. Miss Marjorie Muffley was the faculty adviser. Page forty-six ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 47 ---------- THEY WATCH THE WORLD INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS CLUB STANDING: Dowd, Goetz, Stearns, Fender. SEATED: Matthews, Breazeale, Mc- Laughlin, Cummins, adviser, Ingersoll, Stanstad, Miller, Maloney, Brune. SOCIAL SCIENCE STUDY AND ACTION CLUB BACK Row: Gaboury. THIRD Row: McIntosh, Theg, Robison. SECOND Row: Daniel, Walton, McTntosh, Irish, adviser. FRONT Row: Keeler, Breazeale, Matthews. Keeping abreast of world affairs in these troubled times, the International Relations club has sent delegates to the IRC convention at the University of British Columbia and to the Pacific Northwest College Congress at Walla Walla. Bob Ingersoll headed the group as president, Gordon Sanstad was vice-president, LeRoy Rowland took notes as scribe, and Barbara Breazeale handled the funds as club treasurer. The IRC endeavored to interest student opinion in the World Student Serv-ice Fund by sponsoring a rec hour in spring quarter. Realizing the import of social problems in the 20th century world, the latest addi-tion to college clubs, the Social Science Study and Action club, has been organized as an aid in diffusing vital information on current problems. Officers for winter quarter were: Fred Gaboury, president; Sarah McIntosh, vice-president; Lyle Daniels, treasurer; Ann Theg, corresponding secretary; and Barbara Breazeale, recording secretary. Page forty-seven ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 48 ---------- LOYALISTS VALKYRIE UPPER-BACK Row: Seelye, Teichroew, Hess, Monaghan, Mjoen. FIFTH Row: Carey, King, Pearson, Knowles, Traulsen, Lutro. FOURTH Row: Cameron, Systma, Westall, Lang, Christie, Murray, Brodahl. THIRD Row: Stillman, Strotz, Soder-strom, B. Smith, McGinnis. SECOND Row: Swanson, Woodward, McArthur, Feola. FRONT Row: Harris, McKelvy, Still, Anderson. COLLEGE CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP LOWER-BACK Row: D. Rairdon, Toth, Mula, Walton, H. Anderson, Compton. FOURTH Row: F. Erickson, Safsten, Mitchell, McHugh, Lewis. THIRD Row: B. Rairdon, I. Anderson, Phipps, Hone, Magnuson, James. SECOND Row: Paton, Breakey, Reinholdt. FRONT Row: Shannon, Sealander, Swank, Christopher. Under the sponsorship of Miss Mildred Herrick, Valkyrie club has completed a successful year with the memories of a spring parade, an AWS tea, and ushering at the school plays. The meetings were called to order by Ivaloe Stillman and Berdell Smith. The minutes were kept by Meredith Hess, and financial matters were taken care of by Ruth Soderstrom. The girls have ushered at all of the assemblies and have cheered the boys on to victory at the games. One of the organizations that has come to life with a start this past year is the College Christian Fellowship. With a many-sided program that would challenge groups of a larger size, its activities have included daily noon meetings, numerous Bible studies, and a bi-weekly "Sing" in the evening, as well as quarterly parties. Officers for the winter quarter were: Einar Rahm, president; Jay Lapp, vice-president; Joyce Lapp, secretary; and Bob Raridon, treasurer. Page forty-eight ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 49 ---------- ROYALISTS ICC-ToP PICTURE-BACK Row: Walton, Strotz, Seelye. SECOND Row: Beasley, Gaboury, Radcliffe, Dickson, Ingersoll. FRONT Row: Dodge, Stillman, Carey, Powers, Cummins (adviser). AT DESK: Gary. SKI CLUB-BoTTOM PICTURE-BACK Row: Wakelam, Ericsson, Ellis, Rushong (adviser), Dowd, R. Meyer. THIRD Row: Norman, Reek, Ries, Storchlie, Wear, Orphan, Bunn. SECOND Row: Swan, Finnie, German, Barnes, Wardman, Radcliffe, Cory. FRONT Row: Rowe, Armstrong, and Cozza. Directing the supervision of the campus extra-curricular activities, the Interclub Council, composed of the presidents of all the organized clubs, was headed by chairman Ted Gary. This administrative body held quar-terly meetings to plan the greatly enlarged recreational program. Thrills and spills-the two words that so aptly describe the work of the Shussken Ski club. With a membership composed of active "sitz- mark-ers" the club agitated for a ski team with the result that the possibility for a team next year is very bright. Led by Bill Radcliffe and Miss Muffly. the club made countless trips to Mount Baker's snow-swept Heather Meadows. Page forty-nine ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page  ---------- Scholarship Society Reorganized this year, the WWC Scholarship Society membership is composed of those students who attain what so many hope for, a 3.5 grade average or better. Mr. E. J. Arntzen, long inter-ested in scholarship clubs at Western, heads the club as adviser. Camera Club Marion Thornton, better known as "Tiny", headed the activities of the Camera club this year. The shutter-fiends enjoyed a profitable year highlighted by a trip to Mount Baker where many feet of film were used up on its shimmering beauty. W Club With all of its members wearing letter sweaters earned in one of Western's major or minor sports, the W club proved an important asset to the campus recreational picture. These Vik-ing warriors, led by Ron Dodge, president, staged a "W" Homecoming dance that was a won-derful success. Colheconomists Colheconomists this year had Dorothy McLane, as president; Madelyn House, as vice-president; and Dorothy Young, as secretary-treasurer. Among the many projects carried out were a waffle supper, interesting talks by several speakers, and sponsorship of the annual AWS Christmas tea. Association of Childhood Education The aim of the ACE is to further interest and understanding between student and teacher. The club conducted a successful membership drive during fall quarter and sent a delegate to a national meeting in Saint Louis. Handling the gavel for the association was Pauline Roser. Mrs. Bearnice Skeen served as faculty adviser. COLHECONOMIST BACK Row: McLeod, Countryman (ad-viser), Golly, Reiman (adviser), Young. E. Shannon, G. Shannon, Daverin, Top Herrold, Molyneux. Boysen, Dukowitz. German. SECOND Row: Reeck, Rowe. Theg. FRONT Row: Yost, House. Ar TABLE: McLane, President. ASSOCIATION FOR CHILDHOOD EDUCATION BACK Row: J. Winders, Mjoen, E. Shannon, Williams, Rankin, W. Jones. SECOND Row: Haller, G. Shannon, Young, Lutro, Oberkotter, Van Rooy, Phillips, Systma. tWilson. FRONT Row: Mclnnes, Stocking, Niemela, Omen, . Daverin, Roser, Woodward. ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page  ---------- BRAIN TO BRAWN SCHOLARSHIP SOCIETY BACK Row: Karason, Holland, D. Brown, D. Taylor, Pagels, Van deWeter-ing, Hammer. SEATED: Tifany, Barnes, Engler, C. Johnson, Carey, L. Croy, Brodahl, N. Clothier, Pearson, Holenan, Booman, Sams. CAMERA CLUB Conner, Bunn, E. Nelson, Clogston, J. Clark, J. Smith, McIntosh, Thornton, J. W. Brown. W CLUB BACK Row: D. Smith, Svidran, S. Cozza, Borek, Sansregret, Frazier, D. Brown, Bell, Partlow, Lappenbus cil (adviser), Carver (adviser). THIRD Row: .Lindbloom, G. Smith, Orphan P. Foster, Brevick, Huggins. SECOND Row: Weber, Poe, Keehr, Karnofski, Niege-mann, Clayton, T. Green. FRONT Row: Salsgiver, Bordon. Slovek. Jurgens, Win-ders, Dodge, B. Brown, Yonlick. ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 52 ---------- DIG NITY... Graduates on parade. Class Day found the seniors placing their activity tickets in the tiny box and then burying it beneath their plaque on Memory Walk. The 1947 graduation was the first year that the faculty wore caps and gowns in keeping with the seniors' attire. President Allen of the University of Washington was the principal speaker at the graduation exercises which were held in the auditorium. Graduation week was the traditional ob-servance, highlighted by baccalaureate exercises. Page fifty-two ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 53 ---------- AND DECORUM It all started on May 19, when the famous annual flowers bloom. In addition to the crop of beautiful blooms, the weather brought forth a most spectacular array of long-haired beards that transformed plain-looking college joes into wise men of Abe Lincoln's day. No food shortage was visible as the faculty and students stuffed themselves all day long. The classic feature of the cele bration occurred when the faculty turned out for the 1948 faculty-versus-student baseball game. UPPER LEFT: Armstrong, Mjoen, and Schaffert hide behind pie covered faces. UPPER RIGHT-LEFT TO RIGHT: The mostest, blackest, scraggliest, fanciest, and reddest beards. LOWER LEFT: Edens Hallites relax with dripping ice cream cones. LOWER RIGHT: Explanation unnecessary. Page fifty-three ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 54 ---------- ABOVE: The energetic home ec department sponsors a style show and tea to highlight the close of its summer quarter activities. RIGHT: Audio-visual workshop students rewind a film. FAR RIGHT: Through the "bar-red" windows of its lounge the Men's Residence Hall is seen as it nears completion. HOME FROM THE FIELD Page fifty-four ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 55 ---------- LEFT: Elementary school principals look over some maps at their annual summer conference. RIGHT: The first two people to graduate with a B. A. in liberal arts at WWC, Helen Lemley and Vivian Franklin, work on their art project. Keeping in step with the "New Era" at WWC, summer school, 1947, enjoyed one of the largest enrollments in years. Located as it is in the heart of a summer vacation area and offering many educational and recreational opportunities in addition to a temperate climate conducive to summer study, the campus was thronged with students from schools throughout the country. The academic program was highlighted by the annual summer conference and featured Dr. Harold Benjamin, dean of the college of education, University of Maryland. The elementary principals' institute held early in July, the cur-riculum workshop, the special courses in remedial education, and the introduction of graduate work all gave added impetus to the summer's work. Page fifty-five ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 56 ---------- BRINY DEEP TO SNOWY SLOPES BELOW: Elly Wilbanks takes the helm on Sucia island trip. RIGHT: Flapjacks and bacon where the sea breezes blow on Sucia's shore. Page fifty-six ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 57 ---------- On the recreational-relaxation side of the ledger, the beautiful summer week-ends were filled with a complete schedule of interesting, colorful, well-planned events. Included on the program were numerous cruises and overnight trips on placid Puget Sound with stop-overs at many of the picturesque San Juan islands. For the more vigorous students there were hikes into the rugged, snowcapped Cas-cade mountains. For those inclined to take it easy, there were countless picnics, trips, tours, and fishing. Inclement weather high on the mountain prevented the scheduled ascent to the summit of Mount Baker. The doughty mountaineers, aided by Charles "Happy" Fisher, their effervescent, reliable guide, nevertheless enjoyed the Church mountain climb and the trip to Hannegan pass. LEFT: Miss Weythman supervises the soup kitchen on the Mount Baker climb. RIGHT: The party of daring WWC adventurers are seen on their way to the top. Page fifty-seven ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 58 ---------- Opening week at Western found the campus thronged with the largest enrollment in the college's history as some 500 frosh jammed its corri-dors. The revered halls rang with the laughter of a post-war college generation. Every night during this week, some organized activity was offered to the students who were to spend a year together on the campus on the hill by the sea . . . mixers, picnics, firesides, everything that helped to make one big friendly family. COLLEGIATE UPPER LEFT: Karason and Traulsen, opening week chairman reminisce about an active week. UPPER RIGHT: Frosh eagerly await complete look' at Bellingham, courtesy Jr. Chamber of Commerce. LOWER LEFT: Drs. Cederstrom and Kangley advise confused freshmen in registration line. LOWER RIGHT: Niemala and Shields refuse to look sea sick on opening week cruise. Page fifty-eight ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 59 ---------- GLADHAND The Jay-Cees (Bellingham's Junior Chamber of Commerce) took all new students on their annual tour of the city of Bellingham. By the end of the week, students had completed entrance tests, registration, and all the other incidental operations essential to a successful college year. Weary but happy youths looked forward to a bright year filled with memorable experiences. LEFT: Patty Zylstra greeted by Dean of Women, Lorraine Powers, at Faculty reception.. RIGHT: Senior Gene Curtis dances with, wife Margie at first mixer. Page fifty-nine ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 60 ---------- Tor PICTURE: Royalty observes pep rally downtown. BOTTOM PICTURE: Strolling across cam-pus, Joanne Knowles, Sophomore prin-cess; Gloria Carey, Senior princess; Claire Wilson, Queen Sigrid X; Lois King, Junior princess; Billie Lewis, Freshman princess. THE SPIRIT STILL WILLING Queen Sigrid X, Claire Wilson ]a1 .sixty ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 61 ---------- UPPER LEFT: Frosh Prexy Al Weber directs Queen Sigrid as she flings the lighted torch, setting the traditional bonfire ablaze. UPPER RIGHT: Frazier cuts of Thrapp as he rounds left end, with an unidentified Cheney Savage running interference. LOWER LEFT: Homecoming heads Armstrong and Lapp collaborate on alumni invitations. LOWER RIGHT: Lee, Ruthie, Helen, and Joyce lead spirited songs to highlight the serpentine. Homecoming, 1947 western style . . . the Viking band . . . the Eastern Savages . . . two days of celebration . . . a gridiron classic . . . all rolled into one big football game! With the festivities directed by Phyllis Armstrong and Jay Lapp, co-chairmen, the Homecoming celebration marked a highlight in the 1947-48 campus calendar. The "New Era Review" was largely attended Friday evening and the gigantic Homecoming dance given by the W club was a great success. Few will forget the gigantic pep rally serpentine through the downtown district and the huge Frosh bonfire which was touched off by lovely Queen Sigrid X (Claire Wilson). Page sixty-one ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 62 ---------- PORTRAITS BY SANDISON Jo Knowles Lee Eby Mimi Anderson Gloria Carey Mary Lou Borchardt Helen Johnson Lovely Lois King reigned supreme over the 1948 Publications Prom which was attended by one of the largest crowds ever gathered on the maple courts of the Western P. E. building. Princess Lois was chosen from a bevy of ten beautiful candidates by Earl Carroll, Hollywood night club owner. The "New York pent-house sky-line" theme was carried out realistically in black silhouettes of that city's famous buildings. With Vern Matthews and Betty McLeod, co-chairmen, directing the 1948 dance of the year, the committees, which were composed of hard-working publications staff members, did a bang-up job. High school publications staff members from Whatcom and Skagit counties were honored guests of the evening, as were representatives of newspapers and radio. Page sixty-two ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 63 ---------- Haroldine Ruthruff Bernice Chatterton Dorothy Dahl Tenth annual publications prom princess, Lois King. PRINCESS FOR A NIGHT Page sixty-three ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 64 ---------- Tor LEFT: Klipsun Meeting . . . and all were present! BACK Row: Stoval, Stearns, Golly, Dowd, McLeod, Ellis, Dewar, Wear. SECOND Row: Conner, Niemela, Bauer, Magneson, House, Storchlie, Norman, Armstrong, Merrick, Christie. FRONT Row: Shields, Hofman, Roberts, Martin. TOP RIGHT: Photographers Wayne Craig and Bernie Lepeska on other end of camera for a change. BELOW: The staff takes time out Fall quarter for party at Mrs. "B's." BACK Row: Burnet (adviser), Armstrong, Cozza, Breazeale, just visiting, Conner, Stoval, Shields, Stearns, Niemela. FRONT Row: Ellis, C. Martin, Roberts, McLeod. Entirely responsible for the condition of this book is the staff of the 1948 Klipsun, with both blame and credit falling upon their shoul-ders. For three quarters, the staff members labored to produce a book which they hope is the "Book of the Year." Directed by Betty McLeod, editor, the staff published the 1948 Profile fall quarter and celebrated by holding a party at "Mrs. B's" home. Winter quarter, the staff took time out to combine their tal-ents with the WWCollegian staff to produce the Publications Prom. The staffs again collaborated in the spring when they held the annual Publications banquet. Page sixty-four ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 65 ---------- BOOK OF THE YEAR Betty McLeod, editor. Barbara Cozza, business manager. Whip in hand, Editor McLeod managed her staff with dexterity. Bobbie Cozza somehow survived the red tape and the red ink as business manager, while Katie Golly and Pearl Hofman, assistant editors, did as their title implies. The hypo angle was handled, but beautifully, by Bernie Lepeska, Ruth Norman, and Wayne Craig. They went through more than one case of flash bulbs to get that "casual look." Madcap Charlotte Ellis was a suitable companion for the "Bus. Mgr." Nancy Merrick, compiling editor, had Madelyn House and Phyllis Arm-strong to assist her with a thankless job. "Dictator" Dowd, serving as copy editor and general typist, made a name for himself. Beejay Christie was the 'arty' member of the Klipsun set. You could always count on Mary Lou Borchardt and Kathy Niemela, class and activity section editors, and jovial Keith Stearns, sports editor, for a bang-up job. Joan Shields was the lay-out editor, and Rosemary Dewar wrote endless letters as staff secretary. Joan Wear, Roselyn Roberts, Connie Martin, Rosalie Storchlie, Bob Dickson, Paul Conner, Al Bianchini, Shady Bowers, Ed Stovall, and Dorothy Dahl wrote copy and made themselves useful. Page sixty-five ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 66 ---------- EXTRA! EXTRA! Get your weekly paper!" Members of the WWCollegian staff have never had to yell this familiar news vendors' song, as the papers dis-appear rapidly every Friday noon when they hit the halls of WWC. Edited by amiable Vern Matthews (nick-named "William Randolph" by his staff) the WWCollegian was a vital part of campus life. George Dowd became associate editor and John Peters took command of the sports page. Glen Wolf edited the feature page with help from Fran Cory, Arlene Slotemaker, Tom Bush, and Dave Orser. Ed Brown put in his time as copy editor and June Penn and Beverly Hansen handled the womens' page with assistance from MaryAnn Call, June Hardin, Charlotte Ellis, and Marion Nattrass. Charlotte Ellis and Connie Martin made their marks as special interviewers. Covering the wide range of sports activity were Hal Gronseth, Bill Baker, and Cecil Thomas. Vern Matthews, editor. Gene Curtis, business manager. WEEKLY BLACK AND WHITE Page sixty-six ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 67 ---------- ToP-LEFT-Dodd, Zorotovich, Bach, Brockmier, Shearer, Cole. Tor RIGHT: Peters, Thomas, Baker, Matthews, Wolf, Dowd. BOTTOM PICTURE-STANDING: Bush, Breazeale, Dowd, Baker. SEATED: Ellis, Martin, Brown, Cory, Wolf, Call, Nattrass, Matthews, Hardin, Gronseth, Thomas, Mrs. Burnet. Vern Matthews, an editor possessing a sparkling personality that made him easy to work for, supervised the publishing of the WWCollegian. Gene Curtis kept the accounts in order as the smiling business manager who was always in a hurry. Mrs. B. checked, censured, praised, censored. Cub reporters, those unlucky leg-men who get the choicest stories, were: Paul Zorotovich, Patricia Dodd, LaVerne Brockmier, Curt Bach, George Cole, and Ron Shearer. Special writers included Barbara Breazeale, Dorothy Lockwood, and Bob Robertson. Page sixty-seven ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 68 ---------- RADIO BROADCAST-STANDING: Hoppe, Robertson. Harrison, Weirauch, Hooper, Gronseth, Hughes, Robbins, Carlile. SEATED: Roberts. OUT OF THE AIR "Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen. From the college on the hill we bring you another program of College-Newsweek-in-Review." These are the words that go out over the air from the third floor studio of the radio class every Thursday at 4:45 p. m. on station KVOS. The program about college life and what the college is doing is directed by Sene R. Carlile, and are given by the radio broadcasting class. Purpose of the course is to teach a few techniques of the microphone, something about radio advertising, the art of radio script writing, and other aspects of radio. The class itself does not always sponsor the program as the music department alternates with a program every other week with one of the class members in charge. The plan gives the students more time to work on scripts and plays, which they record to good advantage. Dur-ing the winter quarter the class members traveled to Seattle, accepting an invitation to visit KOMO. Page sixty- eight ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 69 ---------- LET THERE BE MUSIC Music at Western had a big year. The band and the choir throughout the state during the year and were well received. the pep band were in evidence at many of the assemblies and at made many trips The quartet and rec hours. During winter quarter, the a cappella choir appeared over radio station KIRO in addition to appearing before audiences in Seattle and Tacoma. The choir kept the home front morale at a high level by showing their talent in assemblies. Don Walter, band director, turned out a band that was worthy of the school it represented. Besides many out-of-town appearances, the Viking band proved its merit at the Tacoma game when the "rains came down in buckets" but dampened not the school spirit. Booming out the beat for school spirit, features WWC's brass section of the band during the basketball games. Page sixty-nine ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 70 ---------- A CAPPELLA CHOIR-BACK Row: Threlkeld, Weirauch Rahm, R. Peterson, Visser, Fink, Hawk, Stewart, Bratton, Cary, Nordby, Gregor, Vollem, G. Bergh, Atwood. THIRD Row: Inge, Finnie, Stevens, Kumbera, Stover, Livermore, DeBruler, Regier, Ehlers, Blankinship, Farmer, Peach, Young, James, B. Hill. SECOND Row: Paull, R. Bergh, Hess, G. Johnson, Teichroew, Shields, P. Threlkeld, Foster, Ingersoll, Kennedy, M. James, Blekkink, Daverin, Hodges, Clark. FRONT Row: Chrisman, C. Smith, Stout, Wright, Harris, Sandness, Soderstrom, Pauls, Kearns, Doherty, Westerlund, Wallace, Porter, Kirby, Dunn. BAND-STANDING: Walter, Mosier, Hankins, Fink, Whitsell, Nordby, Lapp, Hallert, Sealander, Attonen, H. Johnson, Eby. FO lt;URTH Row: Phipps, Blankinship, Watkins, Weirauch, Coulthurst, Sundstrom, Rowe, Robbins, DeBruler. THIRD Row: West, McCormick, Spielman, Bergh, Schuler, Kumbera, Vague, Tilton, Sines, Hanna, Kearns, Sundstrom, Mc- Lachlan. SECOND Row: D. Smith, Rank, Dodson, Stearns, Dowd, B. Hill, Cary, Sanders, Beeler, Dodd. FRONT Row: House, Wefer, Ford, Lang, Pattison, Foster. WWC's outstanding a cappella choir rounded out a year filled with memories of work well done. Under the direction of Bernard Regier, the choral group made many trips around the state, representing the college abroad. For its first big post-war year, the 55-piece band, outfitted in sparkling' new equipment, did a good job of displaying the Viking spirit. Much of the credit for the band's success is due Don C. Walter, new band-master. Besides playing at games, they served as official host band to the Blossom Time Festival and made several concert appearances. Page seventy ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 71 ---------- Giving out in good old "barber shop" style, the men's quartet provided many an enjoy-able interlude in various assemblies throughout the year. Composed of Glen Bergh, second tenor, Duane Lewis, first tenor, Fred DeBruler, baritone, and Roland Peterson, bass, the quartet sang its favorite "Dem Bones" before many audiences. Music, sweet and low, was played by the pep band for the enjoyment of dancing couples at rec hours. The talented group also presented a jazz assembly during the fall quarter that will be long remembered. The band was directed by Bob Moblo the first half of the year and Johnny Whitsell waved the baton during the last part of the season. MEN'S QUARTET-RIGHT: Lewis, Bergh, DeBruler, and Peterson. PEP BAND-BELoW--BACK Row: Cumbera, Prigg, Robbins, O'Donnell, Hammer. FRONT Row: Moblo, Sanders, Ehlers, Beehler, Cary, Buss, Nabors, and Nims. Page seventy-one ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 72 ---------- SKIN OF OUR TEETH-LEFT PICTURE, BACK Row: Conner, Ingersoll. SECOND Row: Cory, Hunt, Peters. FRONT Row: Merrick. Roberts, Ruthruff, Martin, King, and Follis. RIGHT PICTURE: Follis, Wolf, and Ruthruff. The fall production of the drama department was Thornton Wilder's "The Skin of Our Teeth." The audience in two hours was exposed to the entire saga of mankind, beginning at the dawn of civilization and ending at the present atomic age. None of the characters in the play were perfect but were rather representative of human virtues, good and bad. Mr. Antrobus, played by Dick King, was essentially earnest and inquiring, constructive in his aims and possessed of a vivid imagination. Haroldine Ruthruff capably played the role of Mrs. Antrobus-a part that represented the eternal mother. Beverly Follis inter-preted the role of Sabina, temptress and troublemaker. Oliver Goldsmith's play, "She Stoops to Conquer" which was presented in the Campus school auditorium winter quarter, was a fitting tribute to leap year. A delightful comedy of eighteenth century setting, the play sparkled with gor-geous costumes and modern gag-lines. The plot, typical of so many plays, had to do with the way of a maid for a man. Don Sayan portrayed the man and Patricia Wright was the girl. Victor H. Hoppe, director, deserves high praise for choosing and presenting these productions for the pleasure of the college and community. Page seventy-two ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page  ---------- LEFT: Smiling demurely at each other are stars Patricia Wright and Bob Bain. RIGHT: Nita Clothier, Lyle Bickford, Martha Monahan do a little pretending. FINALE ... SHE STOOPS TO CONQUER: Clothier, Bain, Bickford, Monaghan, Bratton, C. Cary, Sayan, and Wright. ON STAGE, PLEASE ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page  ---------- CLASSES Dogwood blooms foretell commencement ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page  ---------- [no text this page] ---------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 76 ---------- AT THE BEGINNING... Pictured above at their first and only meeting, the Frosh oficers reflect the vary- ing attitudes of their class. LEFT TO RIGHT: June Carrick, secretary; Bob Cline, vice-president; Al Weber, president; Joyce Mueller, treasurer. The freshman class, in the largest registration line in the history of WWC, began their college career in the fall of 1947. Since that time they have proved to be an energetic and active group. These active underclassmen began their first year of college by successfully defending the Homecoming bonfire against the sophomore fire-bugs. They also sponsored a lovely red- head, Billie Lewis, for Homecoming princess; had many beautiful candidates for Publications' Prom princess; and in addition they presented an all-college mixer. Page seventy-six ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 77 ---------- OF AN "EDUCATION" ToP PICTURE-STANDING: Kern, Maser, R. Clark (a senior supervises). SEATED: C. Smith, Bridges, Buerstatte, J. Mon-roe, B. Gray, Zorotovich, Beatty. BOTTOM PICTURE- STANDING: Markee, Lyon, Ellis, Vitaljic. SEATED: B. Wise. Page seventy-seven ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 78 ---------- UPPER-BACK Row: I. Anderson, L. Johnson, Herrold, M. Armstrong, Bur-hans, Felton, L. M. Johnson, O. Jen-sen. SECOND Row: Goetz, Dowd, Chan-dler, Kennedy, J. Clothier. FRONT Row: Nattrass, McGinnis, Folk. CENTER: Hulford, Fones, Cline, Diambri Keplinger, G r o c o t t, Elms, Crippen Jensen, J. Miller, Gustafson, Hecker, Hovde. BOTTOM-BACK Row: Pete, Messer, S. Smith, Wells. SECOND Row: M. Sansre-gret, Moberg, McSorley, Sayer, Nielsen, Winter. FRONT Row: Rickerson, Rein-holt, Pill, Oslin. Page seventy-eight ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page  ---------- UPPER-BACK Row: Reynolds, T. Mc- Leod. THIRD Row: Williams, Paull, N. Miller, Stephan. SECOND Row: Preston, Prim, Miller, Walton, Sodergren. FRONT Row: Wilke, Ryan, Modisett, Ravnik, True. CENTER-BACK Row: Pauds, Lewis, Murphy, Thurston. SECOND Row: York, Leavitt, Steinbrunner, Lepeska, Selby. FRONT Row: Strand, Otten, Love, Sydman. BOTTOM-BACK Row: Lenihan, Lysen, Mohrmann, M. Peters. SECOND Row: S. Peterson, Pitts, R. Stevan, Waters, Wear, Rimpler, Shive. FRONT Row: Peach, Samuelson, Olson, Ehlers. ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 80 ---------- UPPER-BACK Row: Voss, Ross, Sut-ton, Rowe, V. Smith, C. Smith. SECOND Row: Molyneux, Meuler, Lindemulder, Prather, Thun, Nyquist. FRONT Row: Miller, Thomas, Toth, Sines. CENTER- BACK Row: Koepping, Foster, George, Knight, Jerstedt. SECOND Row: Drummond, Roberts, Shields, Carlsen. FRONT Row: Anttonen, Knutson, Eby, Webb. BOTTOM-BACK Row: L. DeMuth, R. DeMuth, B. Hayes, Adams, Hone, Hess. SECOND Row: Campbell, Assink, Julin, Case. FRONT Row: Baron, J. Peterson. Page eighty ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page  ---------- UPPER-BACK Row: Mathes, Laxdall, Spearin, Wefer, Sande, Brown. FRONT Rolw: Anderson, Hodges, Axelson, N. Johnston, Walker. CENTER-BACK Row: Speelman, Nel-son, Shannon, Odle, Steadman. SECOND Row: White, McCormick, Ober, Nie-mela, C. Martin, Mosier, Stocking, Modisett. FRONT Row: Magnuson, Sanders, Stearns, Minahan, Newman. BOTTOM-STANDING: Erickson, Clark, Graves, Tilton, Gloman, F. Johnson. ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 82 ---------- UPPER-BACK Row: Frey, Gronseth, R. Johnson, Carrick, J. Hardin, Call, V. Foster, Booman, Cruickshank. SECOND Row: Talmadge, Borchardt, Bonney, Bergen, Harris, Elsner. FRONT Row: Ervin. CENTER-BACK Row: Blankenship, Key, Geijsbeek. SECOND Row: Howell. R. Blekkink, Daverin, J. Brown, B. Hill, Dodd. FRONT Row: B. Hanson, Kirby, Danielson, Fink, Nyquist. BOTTOM- BACK Row: Dunmire, Sto-vall, J. B. Smith, Z. Martin. SECOND Row: Stoner, Wright, Watkins, Len- ning, Scoll, Whitney. FRONT Row: Van Dam, Piatt, J. Ruthruff, Stoerchli, Summers, Stevens, H. Ruthruf. Page eighty-two ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page  ---------- UPPER-BACK Row: Davidson, F. John-son, Ehrhardt, E. Johnson, P. Hanson, Keilty, Kearns. SECOND Row: Franks, Dawe, Iraola, Agnew, Hanna, James. FRONT Row: Eaton, Boe, Bornstein, Brooks. CENTER-BACK Row: Ritchie, Shuler, Poore. SECOND Row: Ries, Startup, Thomas, Swank, Thiel, Phippes, Rucker. FRONT Row: Virtue, Wakelam, Ogden, C. Myers, Lange. BOTTOM-BACK Row: Safsten, Lloyd, L. Smith, Hulbert, Staggs, W. Peter-son, Rundquist, Larson, Wyatte. SECOND Row: Sealander, Slotemaker, Tap, Lock-wood. FRONT Row: West, Simonson, Zylstra, Vaughn. ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 84 ---------- LEFT-BACK Row: Sorenson, Ford, Reeck, G. Bell, H. Larson, McArthur, Albert, Tayler. FRONT Row: Jamerson, Rowe, Slovek, Symonds, Schaffert. RIGHT-Christie, Kelly, B. Myer, German, Harrison, A. Johnson, Norman, McCullum, Meissner. BOTTOM-LEFT TO RIGHT: Lang, Loucks, Jorgenson, Ham- merud, Mulford, Engler, Fehlhaber, Hume, Lindstrom, McLain. Page eighty-four ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page  ---------- SOPHOMORES, SO SOON TOP-BACK Row: Fogman, Dangerfield, Black, Cozza, Car-rick, Englund, Fickel. FRONT Row: Merrick, Swan, Mar-tinson. LEFT-BACK Row: Christensen, Hardin, Dillon, E. Foster, L. Croy, W. Croy. FRONT Row: Phillips, Haggard, Flint, Redmond. RIGHT-BACK Row: Roberts, Roser, Shannon, Lewis, Hug-gins, Paton, James. FRONT Row: Slater, Rankin. ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 86 ---------- LEFT-STANDING: Bingham, Hammer, Sundstrom, B. John-sen, G. Smith, Ness. SEATED: Atwood, Garbareno, Mansholt, Borden. RIGHT-BACK Row: Freeburg, Adam, Bowden, Burnaby, Taylor, Alexander, Bainter. FRONT Row: Chenoweth, B. Anderson. M. Anderson, Armstrong, Schive. BACK Row: McLeod, Rank, Beasley, Hess, Thompson, Peters, E. Brown. FRONT Row: Zuck, House. Page eighty-six ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 87 ---------- BACK Row: McLane, Morton, Sundeen, Gregor, Nordby, Kearns, Renfroe. FRONT Row: Bergh, Nunamaker, Wood-ard, R. Peterson. LEFT-BACK Row: Rodenberger, Ellis, Feola, Robbins. Wolf, Oman, Hess, McConnell, Wright, Soderstrom. FRONT Row: Lehman, Bailey, Bunn. RIGHT-BACK Row: Hubbard. THIRD Row: Wallace, West-all, Underwood, Hinthorne. SECOND Row: Young, Mclnnes, Theg. FRONT Row: Stamatis, Waxler. ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 88 ---------- SOPHOMORE CLASS OFFICERS: Barbara McGinnis, Secretary; Clarence Ness, Vice-President; and Jim Beasley, President. Sophomores, those peppy second year students, enjoyed a fruitful year. Among the various activities under-taken by the second largest group in school were two all-school mixers, the Turkey Trot at Thanksgiving, and Superstitious Stomp on Friday, November 13. In all fairness to other classes, the fact must be stated that they did their part to pep up the old school, but it was the sophomore crowd that really got hep! Page eighty-eight ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 89 ---------- GETTING THERE Destined to rule the campus next year when they become seniors, the class of 1949 anxiously awaits their turn. They whiled away the time by sponsoring a barn dance in the student lounge during fall quarter. All was quiet on the junior front during winter quarter but spring found the group preparing for their annual picnic. JUNIOR CLASS OFFICERS: Jack Driver, Vice-President; Ted Gary, President; and Pedie Johnston, Secretary. Page eighty-nine ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 90 ---------- Atwood R. M. Bain R. Bain Bainter Barbo Baumgardner Bianchini Bickford Booman Boroughs Bowden Bowsher Bradley Brassard Britton Brockmier J. Brown Brubaker S. Brown D. Burrell J. Burrell Lynn C. Atwood-Oak Harbor; Band, Choir; CCF. Robert M. Bain-Bellingham; Chairman, Opening Week Tour; Intra- mural Golf; Drama. Roderick Bain-Bellingham; Norsemen. Emery Bainter-Bellingham; Norsemen. Paul Barbo-Bell-ingham; Norsemen; Winston V. Baumgardner. Albert W. Bianchini-Concrete; President, Men's Residence Hall; Klipsun Staff; Homecoming Committee; Lyle Melvin Bickford-Bellingham; IRC; Norsemen; Drama. Keith Booman-Lynden; Scholarship Society. Herbert Boroughs-Bellingham; Camera Club; Editorial Board, The Writer. Lee Bowden-Bellingham; Norsemen. Robert S. Bowsher-Bellingham; Norsemen. Thomas N. Bradley-Burlington; Norsemen. Joyce Brassard-Spo-kane; Band; Secretary, CCF. John E. Britton-Bellingham; Norsemen. Laverne G. Brockmier-Winslow; Board of Control; WW Collegian Staff; Co-op Board. J. Wendell Brown-Ash Grove, Missouri; Camera Club; Norsemen. Loris D. Bruebaker -Omak; IRC; Norsemen. Stanley E. Brown-Burlington; Sergeant at Arms, Men's Residence Hall; Intramural Basketball; Social Committee, Men's Residence Hall. Dick L. Burrell-Manchester; Sports Editor, WW Collegian; Varsity Baseball. John F. Burrell-Manchester; Norsemen; Baseball. Page Ninety ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 91 ---------- Lois King is crowned ninth annual Publication Prom Princess by 1947 Klipsun Editor, Clark Brown. Butler Butterfield Carey Chatterton J. Clark M. Clark Clayton Clogston Clothier Cory Cozza Betty Butler-Shelton; AWS. Beverly Butterfield-Bellingham; A WS. Maurice L. Carey-Bellingham; Band; Norse- men. Dorothy Chatterton-Bellingham; AWS. John Edwin Clark-Bellingham; Pep Band; Camera Club; Norsemen. Mar-garet Clark-Bellingham; AWS. Walter G. Clayton, Jr.-Hoquiam; Varsity Football; Varsity Track; Norsemen. Fred L. Clogston-Buckley; Camera Club; IRC; Norsemen. Nita Clothier-Shelton; "She Stoops to Conquer"; Board of Control; The Writer. Francis M. Cory, Jr.-Bellingham; Schussken; "Skin of Our Teeth"; Associate Feature Editor, WW Collegian. Barbara Cozza-Bellingham; Valkyrie; Business Manager, 1948 Klipsun; Schussken. Page ninety-one ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 92 ---------- Craig Dahl De Bruler De Young Driver Espeseth Emerson Englert R. Erickson J. Erickson M. Erickson Freeman Fricke Gary German Golly Graham Gudger Gruver Hays Hayes Lois Craig-Everson; AWS. Dixon D. Dahl-Everett; Norsemen. Fred M. Debreuler-Montesano; Choir; Quartet; Band. Albert De Young- Lynden; Norsemen. Jack Driver-Woodland; Vice-president, Junior Class; Social Chairman, Hospice Inn; Co-chairman, Campus Day. Elsie Espeseth-Anchorage, Alaska; AWS. Phyllis Adele Emerson- Bellingham; AWS. Lois Englert-Bellingham; WRA; AWS; Transfer from Fullerton Junior College, Fullerton, California. Robert Erickson-- Bellingham; Norsemen. Jim Erickson-Vancouver; Track; House Social Chairman; Norsemen. Margaret Erickson-Belling-ham; WRA; AWS. Jack R. Freeman-Bellingham; Norsemen; Jessie N. Fricke-Bellingham; AWS. Ted Gary-Belling-ham; President, Junior Class; Norsemen. Joseph L. German- Bellingham; Norsemen. Kathleen Gorly-Bellingham; Col-heconomist; Assistant Editor, Klipsun; WRA. Jack Graham-Bellingham; Norsemen. Dorothy Gudger-Seattle; AWS. Doro-thy Gruver-Shelton; President, Blue Barnacles; AWS. Charlie Hays-Bellingham; Norsemen. Clyde Hayes-Bremerton; Schussken; ACE; Norsemen. Page ninety-two ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 93 ---------- Vern Meissner, one of the most outstanding members of Western's would-be ski team, takes time out to look athletic for Klipsun's girl photographer. Holland Holmes Inge Jensen Keplinger Johnston Keehr James W. Hays-Bellingham; Norsemen. Doris Hoag-Evans; Opening Week Committee; AWS Commission; Blue Tri-angle. Mark J. Holland-Bellingham; Norsemen; Editorial Board, The Writers; Scholarship Society; Robert C. Holmes- Bellingham; Norsemen. Marion Inge---Bellingham; AWS. Mary Ellen Jensen-Friday Harbor; WRA; Wesley Club; Hockey. Clifford W. Johnson-Ferndale; Norsemen. Pedie Johonston-Bellingham; Secretary, Junior Class; Board of Con-trol; Women's Page Editor, WW Collegian; John Knarr-Beilingham; Norsemen. Wallace Walter Keehr-Seattle; Varsity Football; W Club; Norsemen. William J. Kemp-Bellingham; Norsemen. Clarence E. Keplinger--Bellingham; Norsemen. Page ninety-three J. Hays Hoag Johnson Kanarr Kemp ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 94 ---------- King Knowles Krough Kugel Lapp Ledford Lillibridge Longan Lowe Lutro McCallum McKeever McKelvey Meiers Meissner I. Miller Murray Nason J. C. Norris J. L. Norris Northcutt Lois King-Shelton; President, Senior Hall; Valkyrie; Blue Barnacles. Joanne Knowles-Seattle; Valkyrie; AWS Commis-sion. Kenneth Krough-Everett; Norsemen. Gilbert Kugel-Skykomish; Yell Leader; Co-op Board; Chairman, Opening Week All-School Mixer. F. Jay Lapp-Sumas; President, Mathes House; Co-chairman, Homecoming; Vice-president, CCF. Leonard P. Lillibridge-Wakefield, Rhode Island; Sports Editor, WWCollegian; Basketball; Bowling. Virginia M. Longan- Glendale, California. Cecil V. Lowe-Bellingham. Margaret Lutro- Mount Vernon; President, Blue Triangle; Vice-presi-dent, Edens Hall; Secretary, ICC. James W. McCallum- Bellingham; Norsemen.. Madge McKeever-Hoquiam; AWS. Troy McKelvey-Bellingham; Norsemen. Clayton E. Meiers-Bellingham; Norsemen. Vernon Meissner-Seattle; Ski Team; Norsemen. Iduma Miller-Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; AWS. Roberta Ann Murray-Stevenson; Vice-president, Senior Hall; WRA; AWS. Albert Nason-Shelton; Track; Norsemen. James C. Norris-Bellingham; Norsemen. Joy L. Norris-Belling-ham; AWS. Daniel R. Northcutt-Bow; Chairman, Queen Committee, Homecoming; Norsemen. Page ninety-four ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 95 ---------- Bill Radcliffe surveys color samples critically in oil painting class Oberkotter Orphan Orth Pagels Phillips Pilon Piper Prigg Radcliffe D. Rairdon W. Rairdon Rothlisberg Marian Oberkotter-Seattle; Co- chairman, Membership Committee; ACE; Colheconomist Club; OCW. Milton A. Orphan, Jr.-Bellingham; Secretary, "W" Club; Schussken; Varsity Tennis. Louis W. Orth-Aberdeen; Norsemen. Guerd G. Pagels -Santa Barbara, California; President, Scholarship Society; Board of Control; The Writer. Ray Phillips- Seattle; Norsemen. Melvin Pilon-Lynden; Norsemen. Laurence Piper-Bellingham; Norsemen. Larry Prigg- Bellingham; Norsemen; Pep Band. William Radcliffe-Bellingham; President Schussken. Donald A. Rairdon-Bellingham; Norsemen; CCF. William Robert Rairdon-Bellingham; Norsemen; CCF. Beverly Rothlisberg-Portland, Oregon. Page ninety-five ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 96 ---------- Reeck Reilly Rockey Rogers Rowand Ruggles Ryan Sams Sanstad Sarvis Simpson B. Smith K. Smith Spickler Stillman Stout Stradley Strotz Swank Swanson Teichroew Merlin A. Reeck-Bellingham; Schussken; Norsemen. Arthur Reilly-Bellingham; Norsemen; WW Collegian Staff. Babette Rockey- Bellingham; AWS. Charles Rogers-Chehalis; Norsemen. Leroy S. Rowland-Lindenwood, New Jersey; Secre-tary, IRC; Summer Recreation Committee. Annette L. Ruggles-Seattle; AWS. Dorothy Jean Ryan- Bellingham; Social Committee, AWS; Publication Prom Princess, 1946. Ernest W. Sams--Lynden; Norsemen. Gordon Sanstad-Minneapolis, Minnesota; Vice-president, IRC; ASB Finance Committee; Co- op Board. Robert E. Sarvis-Sumas; Ski Shop Manager; Schussken; Norsemen. Robert E. Simpson- Olympia; Norsemen. M. Berdell Smith-Bellingham; AWS; WRA Commis-sion; Valkyrie. Kathleen A. Smith-Bremerton; AWS; Schussken. Keith L. Spickler-Everett; Norsemen. Ivaloe Stillman- Bellingham; President, Valkyrie; AWS Commission; Board of Control. Norma E. Stout-Mount Vernon; AWS. W. Jean Stradley-Bellingham; Norsemen. Margaret Strotz-Bellingham; President, WRA; AWS Commission; Valkyrie. Shirley J. Swank-Coulee City; AWS. Arlene Swanson-Bellingham; Valkyrie; Colheconomist; Vice-president, A WS. Mary Ann Teichroew-Seattle; Valkyrie; WRA; Chairman, Homecoming Luncheon. Page ninety-six ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 97 ---------- Sports woman extraordinary, Lois Craig looks collegiate with the wind in her hair. Terrey Thornton Tiffany Traulsen Van DeWetering Van Rooy Walton Wittmer Woodward Woodward John N. Terrey-Seattle; Norsemen. Marion Thornton-Blanchard; President, Camera Club; Varsity Football; Norsemen. Warren Tiffany-Bellingham; Board of Control; Norsemen. Margery Traulsen-Arlington; Co-chairman, Opening Week; Valkyrie; Chairman, AWS High School Leaders Conference. Lee Van De Wetering-Bellingham; Scholarship Society; Norse-men. Dell Van Rooy-Pacific Beach; ACE; Camera Club. Donald E. Walton- Bellingham; Schussken; Norsemen. Viola Wittmer-Lodi, California; A Cappella Choir; A WS. Gerry Woodward-Olympia; Valkyrie; AWS Commission; Social Com-mittee, Edens Hall. Gloria Woodward- Everett; Secretary, Camera Club; Feature Editor, WWCollegian; AWS. Page ninety-seven ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 98 ---------- Dolores A nderson-Ho- Harold Backstrom--Bell- Carroll Baker--Belling-quiam; AWS. ingham; Norsemen. ham; IRC; Norsemen. G. Sterling Brand-Bell- Howard Broad--Belling-ingham; Norsemen. ham; Norsemen. Kathleen Brodahl-Fern-dale; Secretary, Scholar-ship Society; Who's Who in American Colleges and Universities; Freshme A Scholarship Cup, 1945. Maridean Bromley-Su-mas; A WS. Don Brown--Bremerton; Who's Who in American Colleges and Universi-ties; Vice-president, ASB; Varsity Tennis. William J. Brown-Bell-ingham; "W" Club; Schussken; Norsemen. Donna Redmond Brown- Bellingham; Board of Control; Who's Who in American Colleges and Universities; President, Sophomore Class. August Berger- Lynden; June White Burrell-Bell- George W. Burton-Seat- Beverly Cameron-Seattle; Gloria Carey-Bellinghamn; Norsemen. inghan,: Business Man- tie; Lounge Manager; President, Edens Hall; President, AWS; Board ager, WWCollegian; Val- Tennis; Norsemen. Valkyrie; Blue Triangle. of Control; Valkyrie. kyrie; AWS Commis-sion. Page ninetyeight ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page  ---------- Bernice Chatterton-Bell- Lucy Christopher-Port ingham; Vice-president, Townsend; College Valkyrie; Homecoming Christian Fellowship; In- Princess; WRA. ternational Relations Club; WRA. Gene L. Curtis-Seattle; President, Schussken; Chairman, Publications Prom Music Committee; Business Manager, WW-Collegian. Jack L. Duranceau--Se-atle; Norsemen. SENIOS... AT LAST Russell L. Clark - Omak; Transfer from CWCE; President, IVCF. Ronald Dodge - Forks; President, W Club; Pres- ident, Norsemen; Foot-ball. Jesse Paul Foster-Puyal-lup; President, Norse-men; Basketball; Foot-ball. Robert B. Dickson-Bell-ingham; Vice-president, ASB; Editor, Navigator and 1947 Summer WW- Collegian; Who's Who in American Colleges and Universities. Thornton M. Ford-Seat-tle; Norsemen. Senior Class Officers: Bill Wilder, President; June Bur-rell, Vice-president; and Martha Monaghan, Secretary. ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 100 ---------- John N. Fox-Bellingharn Norsemen. Wade Haggard - Belling-ham; Norsemen Com-mission; Co - chairman, Campus Day; Co-chair-man, Homecoming. Clarence C. Henderson- Bellingham; Norsemen. Louise Frazier - Belling-ham; A WS. Kenneth E. Haller-Bu-coda; ACE; Norsemen; Camera Club. Gladys Leslie Hooper- Seattle; ACE; AWS. Robert D. Frazier-Bell-ingham; President, Norsemen: Varsity Bas-ketball; Who's Who in American Colleges and Universities. Howard Hardy -Seattle;: Norsemen. Ross M. Gerry-Belling-ham; Chairman, Cam-pus Day; Secretary, Norsemen; Intramural Basketball. George E. Hays-Wicker-sham; IRC; Norsemen. William H. Hunt--Belling- Robert R. Ingersol-Lyn-ham; Norsemen. den; President, IRC; ICC;; Chairman of Ath-letic Public Relations Committee. Marjorie E. Gray-Seat-tle; Transfer from Uni-versity of Washington; Band; President, Bles- sing House. Jack Hayward-Belling-ham; Klipsun Photo-grapher; "New Era Re-view"; Co-chairman, Homecoming. Marian P. Ingersoll- Olympia; Orchestra: "Skin of Our Teeth;" Choir. Page one hundred ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 101 ---------- Mettle Jeschke-Belling-ham; AWS. Halldor Karason-Blaine; President, ASB; Vice-president, Norsemen; Scholarship Society. Hilda Lalone-Bellingham; ACE; Social Science Study and Action Club; A WS. Janice Jacoby-Toledo; George Jergens-Snoho- Blue Triangle; Blue Bar- mish; "W" Club; Presi-nacles; WRA. dent, Henderson House; Norsemen. Carl F. Johnson--Blaine Vice-president, Scholar-ship Society; "Skin of Our Teeth;" Norsemen. A. R. King-Richmond Beach; Drama; The Writer; Norsemen. Clifford W. Johnson-- Ferndale; Norsemen. Arnold M. Lahti-Castle Rock; Who's Who in American Colleges and Universities; President, Senior Class; IRC. Carl Johnson instructs campus school third graders in the art of clay modeling. ----------- Klipsun, 1948 - Page 102 ---------- Joseph F. Longan-Se-attle. Phillip Myhre-Norse-men. William L. Rohweder- Burlington; Norse-men. Jean McKelvy-Berke-ley, California; Vice-president, ACE; Val-kyrie; AWS. John R. Owens-Bell- ingham; Camera Club; Norsemen. James S. Sanford- Bellingham; Board of Control; Representa-tive to Pacific North-west College Con-gress; Chairman, ASB Finance Com-mittee. Lyle R. Messinger- Blaine; Intramural Sports; Norsemen. Raymond A. Reigers- Hamilton, Ohio; Transfer from Miami University. Lillian Oliver McLaugh-lin - Bellingham; A WS. Hannah Reimer-Fern-dale; AWS. Martha Monaghan- Bellingham; Secre-tary, Senior Class; "She Stoops to Con-quer"; Valkyrie. Charles A. Reinhart- West Orange, New Jersey; Transfer from Springfield College. Elerine Shannon-Lyn- June Showalter-AWS. Robert E. Simpson-den; ACE; Colhecon- Olympia; Norsemen. omist Club; WRA.